Alcohol, also known by its chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive substance that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor). Unknowingly, people get addicted to alcohol without even knowing the fact that they are getting addicted. When they discover it, its too late. So then they need help. So here we are going to talk about alcohol help.
Many people are not able to figure out whether they are alcohol addicted or not. So, first of all we should know that whether we are addicted. Alcohol addiction, also known as alcoholism, is a disease that affects people of all walks of life. Also, experts have tried to pinpoint factors like genetics, sex, race, or socioeconomics that may predispose someone to alcohol addiction. But it has no single cause. Psychological, genetic, and behavioural factors can all contribute to having the disease.
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a medical condition that doctors diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm. The condition can range from mild to severe.
Another sign of addiction is the presence of a withdrawal syndrome, which may include symptoms such as:
- Profuse sweating.
- Racing heart beat.
- Increased hand tremors.
Symptoms Of Alcohol Addiction
- Trying numerous times to quit using alcohol unsuccessfully.
- Spending an excessive amount of time obtaining, using, or recovering from alcohol.
- Craving or having an overwhelming desire to drink alcohol.
- We continue to drink alcohol despite of having the knowledge that certain physical or psychological problems can be caused by alcohol.
- Needing increased amounts of alcohol to achieve the desired effect.
- Wanting to be where alcohol is present and avoiding situations where there is none.
- Avoiding contact with loved ones.
- Counselling: Alcohol counselling is an important and valuable step in treating an alcohol use disorder(AUD). A counsellor will be able to offer guidance and support along your journey to an alcohol-free life. No matter how long you’ve struggled with alcoholism or how much you drink, alcohol counselling can make a huge difference in your recovery.
- Rehabilitation: A common initial treatment option for someone with an alcohol addiction is an outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation program. An inpatient program can last anywhere from 30 days to a year. It can help someone handle withdrawal symptoms and emotional challenges. Outpatient treatment provides daily support while allowing the person to live at home.
Types Of Treatments:
There are many types of treatments. Some are mentioned following: 1. Behavioural Treatments: Behavioural treatments are aimed at changing drinking behaviour through counselling. They are led by health professionals and supported by studies showing they can be beneficial. Behavioural treatments share certain features, which can include:
- Developing the skills needed to stop or reduce drinking
- Helping to build a strong social support system
- Working to set reachable goals
- Coping with or avoiding the triggers that might cause relapse
2. Medications: Three medications are currently approved in the United States to help people stop or reduce their drinking and prevent relapse. They are prescribed by a primary care physician or other health professional and may be used alone or in combination with counselling. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three medications for treating alcohol dependence, and others are being tested to determine if they are effective.
- Naltrexone can help people reduce heavy drinking.
- Acamprosate makes it easier to maintain abstinence.
- Disulfiram blocks the breakdown (metabolism) of alcohol by the body, causing unpleasant symptoms such as nausea and flushing of the skin. Those unpleasant effects can help some people avoid drinking while taking disulfiram.
3. Starting With Doctor: For anyone thinking about treatment, talking to a primary care physician is an important first step — he or she can be a good source for treatment referrals and medications. A primary care physician can also:
- Evaluate whether a patient’s drinking pattern is risky
- Help craft a treatment plan
- Evaluate overall health
- Assess if medications for alcohol may be appropriate.
How To Talk About It
When someone you are close to is drinking too much it can have a really big impact on you. Also, you may feel uncomfortable about their behaviour, concerned about the money they are spending on alcohol may be causing you financial problems or you may feel unsafe. Perhaps you are also concerned for the person’s health, well-being and relationships, or the impact their drinking is having on their ability to take responsibility for things, hold down a job or care for children.
It is really important that you know that you are not responsible for their behaviour and that neither you nor anyone else can make someone cut down or stop drinking. While it isn’t your job to fix the person, there are steps you can take to let them know the impact their drinking is having on you and what you will and won’t put up with, and you can encourage and help them to make changes.
- Talk: We should talk to the person about whom we are worried. Find a time when he or she is sober and when you’re both reasonably calm. Ask for five uninterrupted minutes.
- Listen: Listen to their response and find out how he or she feels. Most importantly, be polite and try to not interrupt. Try to be fair. Be open to compromise.
- Find Solutions: Explore all the options. Discuss the changes you are both prepared to make. Select the best solution.
- Deciding On Actions: Specify the actions that need to be taken; what should be done, where, for how long and for whom. Help the drinker to be realistic. Don’t encourage promises that can’t be kept. Encourage the person to find an action that is realistic and achievable for them.
- Review Progress: Think about whether the actions on which you agreed occur. If no, don’t give up. Keep trying.